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ANCIENT LUXOR
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who's who of viziers in the old kingdom

Compiled by Charles Woods
1st - 4th Dynasty -Chronological order
 
KhafreDjedefre
King Khefre - 4th Dynasty..- Leipzig Museum.....................................King Djedefre - 4th Dynasty - Louvre
 
first dynasty viziers
 
Name: ANKH-KA, c.2950
Position time of Den (Udimu/Semti) c.2950 brick tomb chamber no. “T” at Abydos, Umm el-Qaab
Tomb (Saqqara Mastaba tomb No: 3036)
Titles Chancellor, Governor.
 
second dynasty

- No entries for the 2nd Dynasty
 
third dynasty
 
Name: HESYRE, (Alt. Hesy) c.2667-2648
Position time of king Djoser Netjerykhet (alt. Zoser) c.2667-2648
Tomb (Saqqara tomb no: 2405)
Titles Vizier, and amongst others, Chief Dentist.

Name: IMHOTEP, c.2667-2648
Position time of king Djoser Netjerykhet (alt. Zoser) c.2667-2648.
Tomb (tomb undiscovered but thought to be at Saqqara)
Father/Mother Possibly Kanufer (Royal Superintendent of Works)
Titles Vizier. Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt. The first after the King of Upper Egypt. Administrator of the Great Palace, Hereditary Lord, High Priest of Re Heliopolis. Architect. Chief Minister and Superintendent of all the King’s works.
Special Note May have lived on into the reign of king Huni (Meidum L.LXV Huni(?)/Seneferu)
 
fourth dynasty
 
Name: Prince NEFERMAAT. I, c.2613-2589
Position time of King Sneferu(alt.Seneferu) (c.2613-2589)
Tomb (Mastaba tomb in Meidum No:16)
Wife Atet or Itet.
Father/Mother Possible son of King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres I.
Brothers Poss: Khufu, Ankhhaf, Kanufer, Netjeraperef? Rahotep? Ranefer.
Sisters Merytiotes I, Nefertnesu, Nefertkau.
Sons Prince Hemionu, Vizier, c.2589-2570.
Titles First Vizier of Snefru, Hereditary Prince, Priest of Bastet, Guardian of Nekhen, Royal Seal Bearer, and others
Special Note Nefermaat was a partisan of Prince Khafre.

Name: Prince KANUFER, c2613-2589
Position elder son of king Sneferu(alt.Seneferu) (2613-2589)
Tomb (tomb 28 Dashur)
Father/Mother Father king Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres I.
Brothers Possibly Kanufer may be the brother of Nefermaat (first Vizier to Sneferu, and uncle to Prince Hemionu, Nefermaat’s son, also a Vizier), other brothers: Khufu, Ankhhaf, Netjeraperef, Ranefer, Rahotep?
Sisters Merytiotes I, Nefertnesu, Nefertkau.
Titles Second Vizier of Snefru who was his father. High Priest of Re, Heliopolis, and military General and Director of Bowmen. Overseer of Commissions.
Special Note continued to serve Khum-Khufu(Cheops) as First Vizier after Sneferu.

Name: Prince HEMIONU, c.2589-2570
Position served king Khum-Khufu (alt. Cheops/Kheops) c.2589-2566.
Tomb (Giza Mastaba 4000)
Father/Mother Prince Nefermaat, mother Atet.
Grandfather/Grandmother Possibly King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres I.
Titles Khum-Khufu’s(Cheops) second Vizier. (The First Vizier to Khum Khufu was Kanufer) King’s son of his body, Chief Justice.
Special Note Said to have died in the 19th year of the reign of Khum-Khufu.

Name: Prince KAWAB, c.2580
Position time of Khnum-Khufu(Cheops/Kheops) c.2589-2566.
Tomb Mastaba tomb at Giza G7110-G7120
Wife Hetepheres II (his sister)
Father/Mother King Khum-Khufu(Cheops/Kheops) and Queen Merytiotes(alt.Meritites)
Brothers Djedefre, Khafre, Hordjedef, Minkhaf, Babaef(alt.Khnum-baf), Bauefre? Khufukaf I, Horbaef, Nefermaat (II)?
Sisters Neferetiabet, Hetepheres II, Merytiotes(alt.Meritites), Meresank II.
Sons Mindjedef (married to the lady Khufuaankh) was the Hereditary Prince (Mastaba tomb Giza G7760). Other sons include: Kaemsekhem, and Duaenhor(?)
Daughters Meresankh III, who later married Djedefre’s successor, Khafre.
Titles Vizier, Eldest son of the King’s Body, Hereditary Prince, Count, Officiator of Anubis.
Special Note Prince Kawab pre-deceased his father, Khnum-Khufu, and his widow, the lady Hetepheres II then went on to marry his successor (and her half-brother) Djedefre whilst their daughter Meresankh III married Khafre. The Title of Vizier (TAty) occurs on a statue from Mitrahina.
 
Special Note Queen Hetepheres II and her daughter Meresankh III
Hetepheres

Hetepheres II was a princess and daughter of Khnum-Khufu (Cheops). She was a famous queen who was originally married to Prince Kawab, her half-brother, and heir and the intended successor of Khnum-Khufu (Cheops). Unfortunately he died before his father and so did not succeed him. Hetepheres II then married king Djedefre whose succession had been disputed by the family. Nevertheless, she did survive about 8 years as queen. Djedefre also died rather unexpectedly, and the powerful princes of the time who favoured Khafre (Chephren), were able to project him to the throne, although Prince Ankhaf appears to be the next one strictly in line.

Perhaps in anticipation of Prince Ankhaf’s accession to the throne, Hetepheres went on to marry him, but the powerful princes of the time who favoured Khafre (Chephren) apparently won over the succession rights. They did, however, reward the loyalty of prince Ankhaf and he became Vizier to Khafre. The princess Meresankh III then married Khafre to become Queen, and Hetepheres II seems to have consoled herself with the situation. Meresankh III did not survive her mother, however, and she was provided with a magnificent tomb by her, who on her own death decided not to be entombed with her husband Prince Ankhaf, but chose to spend eternity with her daughter. Prince Ankhaf was buried in tomb no: Giza tomb no; G7510.

 
Name: Prince NEFERMAAT II, c.2566?
Position Served during the time of Djedefre(alt.Redjedef) c2566-2558 and as Vizier for Khafre(alt.Chepren/Khephren c.2588-2532.)
Tomb (Mastaba tomb Giza G.7060) .
Father/Mother Mother: Nefertkau I . She was married to Khufu-khaf I. It is possible that Prince Nefermaat II is possibly the son of Khufu-khaf and Neferkau I. It is speculated that Khufu-khaf may be the same as King Khafre, but this is not certain.
Grandfather/Grandmother Grandfather, Sneferu.
Sons Sneferukha’ef was Treasurer to the King, Lower Egypt, Herdsman of Apis during the middle of the 4th dynasty to the start of the 5th, and was buried in Giza Mastaba tomb No: G7070.
Titles Vizier to Khafre(Chepren/Khepren). King’s son, Hereditary Prince, Overlord of Nekheb etc.

Name: Prince MINKHAF, c.2589-2532
Position the time of King Khnum-Khufu(Cheops/Kheops) c.2589-2566.
Tomb (Giza Tomb nos: G7430+7440)
Father/Mother Probably his Father was Khnum-Khufu and mother Queen Henutsen.
Brothers Djedefree, Khafre, Hordjedef, Babaef(alt.Khnum-baf), Bauefre? Khufukaf I, Horbaef, Nefermaat II ?
Sisters Neferetiabet, Hetepheres II, Merytiotes (alt, Meritites), Meresank II.
Titles Vizier to Khafre
Special Note One of those opposed to the succession of Djedefre and responsible for the eventual succession to the sovereignty of Khafre.


Name: Prince KHUFU-KHAF I, c.2589
Position ( time of Khnum Khufu (alt. Cheops/Kheops c.2589-2566) through to Khafre (alt.Chepren) c.2558-2532.
Tomb Giza tomb nos: G7130 and 7140)
Wife The princess Nefertkau II
Father/Mother Father k.Khnum-Khufu and Queen Henutsen
Brothers Kawab; Djedefre; Khafre; Hordjedef; Minkhaf; Khnum-baf(Babaef); Bauefre(maybe same as Babaef); Horbaef; Nefermaat II ?
Sisters Neferetiabet ?; Hetepheres II; Merytiotes(Meritites); Meresankh II.
Sons Wet-ka, and Iun-ka, and possibly Khufu-khaf II.
Daughters “Kings daughter” Nefret? or Nefret-ka.
Titles Vizier.
Special Note Khufu-Khaf may possibly be king Khafre himself, but this is not universally acknowledged. The likely brothers and sisters are stated on the premise that Khufu-Khaf is a son of k.Khnum-Kufu and Q. Henutsen.

Ankhaf Name: Prince ANKHAF,
Position time of Sneferu c.2613-2589 through to Khafre(Chepren) c.2558-2532.
Tomb (c. 2613- Giza tomb no; G7510)
Wife Hetepheres II, (not buried in tomb G7510)
Father/Mother prince Ankhaf appears to be a son of k. Sneferu and possibly Queen Hetepheres.
Brothers likely: Khufu, Kanefer, Nefermaat? Netjeraperef ? Rahotep ? Ranefer?
Sisters Likely: Merytiotes (Meritites), Nefertnesu, Nefertkau.
Titles Vizier to Khafre(Chepren)
Special Notes Image of Prince Ankhaf shown

Name: Prince DUA (en)RE (c.2558
Position Vizier to Menkaure (alt. Mycerinos) c.2532-2503
Tomb Stone built Mastaba tomb Giza 5110
Father/Mother Father, k.Khafre(Chepren/Khepren), mother Royal Wife Meresankh III
Brothers Nebemakhet, Niueserre (Neuserru), Khenterka, Ankhmare (Ankhemre), Iunmin, Iunre (Yunre),Menkaure (Mycerinos), Sekhemkare, Nikaure, Akhre, Khnumbaf (Babaef).
Sisters Shepseskau, Nubhotep, rekhetre, Khamernebty II, Hemetre?
Titles Vizier to Menkaure (Mycerinos)
 
Name: SESHATHOTEP
Titles Vizier
Special Note Listed London College Digitalegypt website
 
Shepseskhaf Name: KHNUM-BAF (alt Babaef) poss. Prince. c. 2558-2532
Position Time of k.Shepseskhaf c.2503-2498.
Tomb immense Giza tomb G 5230.
Father/Mother Possibly Dua(en)re who maybe a son of Khafre(Chepren)

Grandfather/ Grandmother

Possibility of being a descendent from Khnum-Khufu(Cheops)with his immediate grandparents possibly being k.Khafre(Chepren) and q. Meresankh III.
Brothers These are to be counted as either his brothers or uncles, but the exact relationship is not clear. Included is Dua(en)re although he may be his father: Nebemakhet, Dua(en)re; Nuiserre(Neuserre); Khenterka; Ankhmare(Ankhemre); Iunmin; Iunre(Yunre); Menkaure; Sekhemkare; Nikaure; Akhre.
Sisters possibly: Shepseskau; Nubhotep; Rekhetre.
Titles Vizier to m. Shepseskaf. Overseer of all the Kings Works.
Special Notes This appears to be a difficult individual to place and there seems to be conflicting opinions.
 
Name: Prince NIKAURE. c.2558
Position circa the time of Khafre(Chephren/Khephren) 2558-2532 tomb Giza G.II, and Menkaure(Mycerinos) c2532-2503. tomb Giza G.III
Tomb tomb No: LG 87,
Wife Nikanebti the Prophetess of Neith, and of Hathor.
Father/Mother k.Khafre(Chephren) and q.Persenet.
Brothers Nebemakhet; Dua(en)re; Niuserre(Neuserre); Khenterka; Ankhmare(Ankhemre); Iunmin; Iunre(Yunre); Menkaure; Sekhemkare; Akhre; Khnumbaf(Babaef).
Sisters Shepseskau; Nubhotep; Rekhetre.
Titles Vizier and Chief Justice (possibly to Menkaure(Mycerinos)

Name: Prince IUNMIN c.2558
Position circa the time of Khafre(Chephren/Khephren) c.2558-2532 tomb Giza G.II and Menkaure(Mycerinos) c.2532-2503. tomb Giza G.III.
Tomb tomb No: LG 92,
Father/Mother Believed to be a son of k.Khafre(Chephren) and q.Khaamerernebti.
Brothers Nebemakhet; Dua(en)re; Niuserre(Neuserre); Khenterka; Ankhmare(Ankhemre); Iunre(Yunre); Menkaure; Sekhemkare; Nikaure; Akhre; Khnumbaf(Babaef).
Sisters Shepseskau; Nubhotep; Rekhetre.
Titles Vizier to Menkaure(Mycerinos). Kings Eldest son of his Body. Chief Justice.
 
Name: Prince NEBEMAKHETc.2558
Position circa the time of Khafre(Chephren/Khephren) c.2558-2532 tomb Giza G.II and Menkaure(Mycerinos) c.2532-2503 tomb Giza GIII.
Tomb tomb No: LG86 + LG12
Wife Nubhotep, prophetess of Hathor.
Father/Mother k.Khafre(Chephren) and q.Meresankh III.
Brothers Dua(en)re; Niuserre(Neuserre); Khenterka; Ankhmare(Ankhemre); Iunmin; Iunre(Yunre); Menkaure; Sekhemkare; Nikaure; Akhre; Khnumbaf(Babaef).
Sisters Shepseskau; Nubhotep; Rekhetre.
Titles Vizier. King’s son of his own body; Chief Justice.

Name: Prince ANKHMARE. c.2558
Position circa the time of Khafre(Chephren/Khephren) c.2558-2532 tomb Giza G.II and Menkaure(Mycerinos) c.2532-2503.tomb Giza G.III.
Father/Mother Father k.Khafre(Chephren) and q. ?
Brothers Nebemakhet; Dua(en)re; Niuserre(Neuserre); Khenterka; Iunmin; Iunre(Yunre); Menkaure; Sekhemkare; Nikaure; Akhre; Khnumbaf(Babaef).
Sisters Shepseskau; Nubhotep; Rekhetre.
Titles Kings eldest son of his body; Chief Justice and Vizier of Menkaure. Treasurer of his father the King of Lower Egypt etc…
 

The following is a summary of our main sources

Michael Rice. “Who’s Who in Ancient Egypt’, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-15449-9
Aidan Dodson: “Monarchs of the Nile” The American University in Cairo Press:ISBN 977-424-600-4
Nicolas Grimal “A History of Ancient Egypt”, Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-19396-0
Donald B. Redford. “Egypt Canaan and Israel in Ancient Times, The American University in Cairo Press. ISBN 977-424-322-6.
London College. http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/administration/viziers.html